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Silene dioica phot Romuald Cichos

Silene dioica phot Romuald Cichos

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Nature » Animated nature » Fauna

Fauna

Mammals

ImageIn the area of the Magura National Park we can find 9 species belonging to the order of insectivorous Insectivora. The most numerous species of insectivorous is Common Shrew Sorex araneus, which can be found usually in the woodland and shrub areas. All the animals of this order are protected, but some species are also very interesting as they are rare and under threat. These are: Alpine Shrew S. alpinus, Mediterranean Water-shrew Neomys anomalus, European Water-shrew N. fodiens, White-toothed Shrew Crocidura leucodon, Lesser White-toothed Shrew C. suaveolens, Lesser Shrew S. minutus .

The order of rodents Rodentia in the area of the Park is represented by 17 species. The most numerous species of rodents living in the woodland and shrub areas are Bank Vole Clethrionomys glareolus and Yellow-necked Mouse Apodemus flavicollis .

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Bank Vole (phot. Agnieszka and Damian Nowak)

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Yellow-necked Mouse (phot. Agnieszka and Damian Nowak)

The species which predominate on meadows are: Field Vole Microtus agrestis, Common Vole M. arvalis and Striped Field Mouse Apodemus agrarius. A very interesting species to be found in the open grounds is European Pine Vole Pitymys subterraneus, very rare and protected are Harvest Mouse Micromys minutus and Common Dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius. There are also Northern Birch Mouse Sicista betulina and Fat Dormouse Glis glis.

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Common Vole (phot. Agnieszka and Damian Nowak)

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Striped Field Mouse (phot. Agnieszka and Damian Nowak)

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Fat Dormouse (phot. Henryk Janowski)

There are 10 species of chiropters in the Park, among the whole amount of 21 species found in Poland. These are: Lesser Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus hipposideros, Large Mouse-eared Bat Myotis myotis, Whiskered Bat M. mystacinus, Daubenton’s Bat M. daubentoni, Particoloured Bat Vespertilio murinus, Northern Bat Eptesicus nilssoni, Serotine Bat E. serotinus, Great Noctule Nyctalus noctula, Common Long Eared Bat Plecotus auritus and Common Barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus . The species which was found in the largest number during spring and summer was Northern Bat, common in different environments, other predominantes were Daubenton’s Bat and Common Long Eared Bat. In the “Atlas of Mammals Distribution in Poland” (1983) as many as 7 species mentioned above were not recorded in the central part of the Beskid Niski Mts., while the most recent species of this area turned out to be Common Barbastelle.
Every chiropters in Poland are protected, but more attention should be paid to 3 species found in the MNP, which are regarded in the Polish Red Data Book of Animals as rare. These are extremely endangered Lesser Horseshoe Bat as well as Particoloured Bat and Northern Bat.

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